To be clear - LUTs can be used for grading, but should only be used in specific circumstances and/or for specific uses if it can be helped. A LUT isn’t necessarily a colour space transform, though it can be used as such.
LUTs are literally what they are called. A ‘look-up’ table of values that tell the computer to change one image value to be another. They can be as simple as ‘adjust the luminance value in the Green channel by x’ or as complex as transforming the entire colour space.
I'd like to continue the thread, seeing as how I want to learn about color correction anyway.
From what I've seen, most people grade for Rec 709, right?
Let's say the end goal is DCP format. In the past, when I graded and converted footage to DCP, it warped the grading. Gave it a pinkish hue.
Is that because I chose to grade in a different format than the DCP converter was set for?
Rec 709 is something I see mentioned all the time.
So say I record in Pro Res, Arri camera... Would I take that footage and use a REC 709 LUT to get a better idea of how it will look on a projector as I grade it?
REC709 is a colour space that the majority of consumer displays use to display images. When you capture images in REC709, or grade them for display in REC709, you’re grading them for display on a standard consumer monitor (REC709 is often used for traditional television broadcasting as well).
REC709 is just one of a number of colour spaces that have developed.
REC2020 defines a colour space for Wide Colour Gamut viewing, which the vast majority of current UHD HDR TVs support.
REC2100 defines a colour space for HDR viewing. REC2100 is very new, and few consumer displays currently support it.
The colour space for a DCP is XYZ which defines all sorts of colours, even those outside of the range of human vision. REC709 values are available in XYZ, so you can translate a REC709 grade to an XYZ DCP fairly easily.
It gets a bit more complicated, but usually DCPs are graded and projected in DCI-P3, which sits inside the XYZ colour space ‘container’, so the majority of DCPs are going to be DCI-P3. However, you won’t be able to grade P3 unless you have a P3 monitor.
That said, if you tell your DCP converter the correct colour space (and it’s a decent converter), you should be fine.
The hard part with a DCP is that you can’t usually test it until you’re in a cinema. For that reason, I usually recommend a professional service. Doing it yourself is fine if you understand it, but if you don’t you can run into problems, and unfortunately due to the nature of it, you don’t find out until you’re sitting in a screening that looks too pink.